Aortic stenosis is the most common type of heart valve disease in the elderly.1
Epidemiological studies have determined that more than one in eight people aged 75 and older have moderate or severe aortic stenosis (AS).2 A study observed that many symptomatic patients with severe AS are not referred to a heart team for valve replacement evaluation.3
“Valvular heart diseases represent an underappreciated yet serious and growing public health problem that should be addressed.”
–V.T. Nkomo, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, USA2
Prevalence of valvular heart disease by age1
As the chart illustrates, aortic valve disease is common and its prevalence increases with age. For people over the age of 75 years, the prevalence of aortic stenosis is 3%. More than one in eight people over the age of 75 have moderate or severe valve disease.1 As the population ages, this condition becomes an important public health problem.1
- Bouma BJ, van den Brink RBA, van der Meulen JHP et al. To operate or not on elderly patients with aortic stenosis: the decision and its consequences. Heart 1999 Aug; 82: 143–8.
- Nkomo VT, Gardin JM, Skelton TN, et al. Burden of valvular heart diseases: a population-based study. Lancet 2006;368:1005-11.
- Iung B, Baron G, Tornos P, et al. Valvular heart disease in the community: a European experience. Curr Probl Cardiol 2007;32:609-61.
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